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November 18, 2016 8:46 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Do you believe that your actions affect your life outcome? Do you believe that you can influence other people by what you say and do? Do you believe that you can be part of a group of people who bring about positive change in the world?


November 7, 2016 10:19 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

I had to leave a training activity because I was starting to cry. I don't believe that anyone noticed except the person who was sitting next to me. I told him, "This isn't safe." He offered to speak to the instructors for me, but I declined. I left the room, shed a few tears in the bathroom and then got myself together and returned.

We were reading about critical race theory and culturally responsive teaching.1 ...

October 25, 2016 8:58 AM by jasna cowan of The Ins and Outs of Early Intervention

I'm not sure when and why this started happening, but these days it seems to be happening more often than ever, that is, toddlers being kicked out of preschools and day care.

My mother was a day care provider, so I can really understand that sometimes children can be ultra-challenging and maybe the day care does not have the training to address the needs of the child.

But, just releasing a child ...

October 24, 2016 10:34 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

I saw something upsetting this week. I wasn't sure whether or not I should tell you about it, but I decided that we learn a lot not just from good things, but bad things too. It was a brief incident that highlighted greater concerns at the individual, local and national level.

October 19, 2016 3:35 PM by Dana Wetmore of The First Session: New SLP Experiences

By Dana Wetmore


October 10, 2016 9:06 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Every day is a chance to make a positive difference in the lives of clients, families, and colleagues. Our daily activities are important and have immediate effects. When days are hectic, it becomes easy to feel rushed and overwhelmed. Reflecting on the primary motivation of our work can guide us. We can see how our time matters.

Speech-language pathologists support communicative growth and foster social engagement ...

October 3, 2016 11:16 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

While assessing a middle school student for the presence/absence of a language disorder, I asked the student the following question, "Jan saw Pedro. Dwayne saw Frances. Who was seen?" The student did not respond correctly to this trial item and benefited from repetition and modeling.  To answer the question correctly, you need to understand passive sentence construction.

Typically developing children begin ...

September 21, 2016 7:38 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Tip elevation: Does your tongue tip lift to the top of your mouth, right behind your front teeth, to the little speed bumps of your alveolar ridge? The tip elevates and the right and left surface portions of the tongue push against the alveolar ridge causing a dip (narrow passageway) to form for airflow. The tip hoovers in space near the top of the mouth.

Blade elevation: Does your tongue tip point downward and ...

September 12, 2016 4:01 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Children who have challenges with pragmatics and social language often struggle with recognizing that people have different perspectives on the same situation. People interpret actions, behaviors, and events from their own unique viewpoint. One of my colleagues recently shared an interesting technique to teach multiple interpretations through perceptual differences. Visual imagery can inspire a discussion of different ...

September 6, 2016 9:42 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

We know that we make positive changes in the lives of our clients, but our work can also make a meaningful difference to the next generation of speech-language pathologists.

Many years ago, when I was learning to be a clinician, I observed Dr. Bob, a speech-language pathologist in private practice. Dr. Bob specialized in working with children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). On the day that I observed, ...

September 1, 2016 11:51 AM by jasna cowan of The Ins and Outs of Early Intervention

Every once in a while you meet a family and are forever changed. That is how I am feeling right now.  

I called a mother to coordinate a Spanish-speaking speech evaluation in the family's home in San Francisco. Mother indicated over the phone that she worked five days a week, sometimes more, and her hours varied, but she could never be home before 6 p.m. So, needing to complete this evaluation no matter ...

August 29, 2016 8:41 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Are you new to a school building this year? There are, of course, the obvious tasks:

    Make friends with the secretaries and custodial staff
    Connect with administration and share how happy you are to be at the school
    Complete a monthly calendar for annual IEP and re-evaluation due dates
    Access or create a caseload spreadsheet ...

August 8, 2016 4:15 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

I hate making clinical mistakes. They make me feel bad about my skills and myself. Mistakes may often be based on lack of information, which affects the development of a relationship. Sometimes the desire to make a difference as quickly as possible negatively affects the collection of comprehensive background information and prolonged rapport-building activities. Often mistakes can come from not knowing our clients as ...


My life has been surrounded by sports since I can remember walking. I tried playing everything imaginable when I was in elementary and middle school, finding myself loving the competition and finesse of little league games. Field hockey stole my heart quickly, as I found myself dedicating ...

August 1, 2016 9:35 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Everyone enjoys something. It might take us a while to find out just what will make another person smile, but if we watch closely, we can find it.

Some years ago I was working with a student who had significant cognitive delays and behavioral challenges. He attended his neighborhood elementary school, however, the staff was not sufficiently equipped to manage his needs. Teachers alternated shifts throughout ...

July 26, 2016 10:04 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

All of our treatment materials teach cultural values and morals. The words, photographs, drawings, games and activities represent what society perceives to be important. They imply ways to behave and belief systems.


My ...


A good waitress communicates, well, tells you the specials and maybe how long something will take to make.

A good waitress knows her customer so well that they can remember what kinds of foods you like and maybe recommend something else around your taste buds. She remembers your name and asks how you've been and demonstrates a genuine interest in what has been going on for you personally. A good waitress ...

July 7, 2016 3:07 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Humans may be able to remember thousands of words, but we definitely can't always find the word we want when we want it! We may have unlimited storage for words and concepts, but we definitely have limited retrieval.

We can make word recall easier through organization and categorization. When we think of with a word, we search through a large lexicon, like an internal database of words and concepts that reflect ...

June 29, 2016 9:05 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Fairies represent magic and wonder.

The word "fairy" is a magic because it helps students transition from consonantal /r/ to vocalic /r/. The intervocalic /r/ in medial position allows us to produce /r/ at the end of the first syllable and the beginning of the second syllable, "fairrrr-- -rry".

We can teach the postvocalic /r/ through anticipatory placement of the upcoming consonantal /r/. After ...


I remember many years ago when I worked for a public school district and I was touching base with the teacher about one of her students. I asked her if she had any insight about the child's motivators - things I could use to motivate him in therapy.

The next few words out of her mouth really made an impact on me forever. She said, "Johnny? Don't even bother. He is not too smart and he will probably ...


By Dana Wetmore


My favorite day of ...

June 14, 2016 2:04 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Cell phones and tablets allow for immediate audio and video recording. Students typically begin by making silly recordings of greetings and funny sayings.

Since most of us are initially surprised at how our voice sounds on a recording, we watch British Radio 1 Scientist, Greg Foot's YouTube video, "Why does your voice sound different on a recording?", which explains the inner ear and how vocal fold vibration ...

June 9, 2016 9:25 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Every school year we learn new things. I recently took a few minutes to ask each student the question, "What have you learned about your talking and your speaking this year?"

Here are a few of the different responses:
    "I learned that I can do good R's fairly consistently."
    "I learned a different kind of R and to put my tongue back more."
    "I made ...

May 31, 2016 3:38 PM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

"We need to write a letter to your tongue so that it will know what to do. What directions do we need to give your tongue?"

The students generate directions and tips that we write on a card. A "Dear Tongue" letter for /r/ might be:

"Dear Tongue,
    Remember to go to the back of the mouth
    Lift up the sides a little bit so you can feel the molars

May 24, 2016 10:16 AM by Teresa Roberts of Speech in the Schools

Let's start with a virtual field trip to the zoo to watch the hippos eating watermelon, using multimedia.

With YouTube, we can bring entertaining videos of zoo animals to therapy sessions. The hippos, with their mouths wide open awaiting a large, whole watermelon, give us a way to build our describing skills.

We can start with ...



Stephanie Bruno Dowling, M.S. CCC-SLP, discusses her experiences in early intervention and offers tips to clinicians and families.

A blog by and for school-based speech-language pathologists.

Tips, tricks, reviews, and ideas for using touch screen apps and technology to enhance therapy, work, and the lives of your clients. 

Josh Gilbert is entering his third year as a Doctor of Audiology student at The University of Florida. He is a graduate of Baylor University in Texas, where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology and a minor in World Affairs.

Darlida is a school based and early intervention therapist and evaluator who works with culturally and linguistically diverse infants and middle school students.

Guest bloggers working anywhere within the speech and hearing field share their therapy experiences, new research, lessons learned, useful tools and more.

This blog is about using a common sense, evidence-based approach to evaluating, treating and implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication.

A pediatric SLP shares her experiences in early intervention, and offers tips, tricks and strategies for other speech therapists.

Advocating for national accreditation.

The very first emotions and experiences of any SLP as described by a current graduate student studying all aspects of therapy.