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ADVANCE Perspective: Respiratory Views

Data Confirms Music Benefits Patients on Ventilation

Published December 8, 2010 11:24 AM by Valerie Newitt

Data proves what is known both intuitively and anecdotally. Case in point: The benefits of listening to music to patients on mechanical ventilation was confirmed by a team of Cochrane researchers led by Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions associate professor Dr. Joke Bradt, according to a Newswise report. They found that listening to music may relax patients and potentially result in fewer complications.    

The researchers reviewed data from eight trials involving 213 patients in total. Patients, who had various conditions including lung disease, cardiac disease and trauma injuries, all received mechanical breathing support via mouth, nose, or tracheotomy.

In seven trials, patients listened to pre-recorded music and in the remaining trial a trained music therapist provided live music with a tempo matched to the respiratory rate of the patient. On average, listening to music reduced anxiety compared to standard care. It also reduced heart and breathing rates, although not blood pressure.

Little information was available about the specific kinds of music that produced beneficial effects. "Except for mentioning general styles, such as classical and easy listening, most of the trials made no mention of the music selections used," said Bradt. "In future trials, recording more detailed information about the music would help clinicians make better informed decisions about music selections. We recommend that medical personnel providing music to patients consult with a music therapist to understand what type of music may be best for a particular patient. Likewise, music therapists need to collaborate with medical personnel to carefully monitor the patients' physiological responses to the music."

Take a look at an exclusive ADVANCE video about Musicians on Call, a program that takes musicians into hospitals to perform for patients. Click here.





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