Promising Discovery for HIV Infants
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a slow replicating
retrovirus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AID). According
to the CDC “HIV transmission from other to child during pregnancy, labor and
delivery, or breastfeeding is known as prenatal transmission and is the most
common route in children”.
The good news is that the federal agency states that even
though the increase in the number of women with HIV giving birth, the number of
perinatal HIV infections per year continues to fall.
There is additional good news from the pharmaceutical arena.
Several media sources report that over the past several months, there are been
two infants with the virus that have gone into remission. The remission is
attributed to a HIV medication treatment regime of an anti-retroviral drug
cocktail given to the babies shortly after they were born. Upon laboratory
analysis, only fragments of the virus remains.
Unique Physiological Makeup of Babies
The HIV medication approach generally used to suppress the
virus in infected older patients, was also was used in both of the infant cases.
Continued medication use is encouraged for all of the patients, because when
patients are taken off the, the virus returns.
But is seems that one of the infants born in Mississippi for reason not
clear had been taken off the drug and upon later examination and lab test the
virus seemed to have disappeared.
Because researchers are not sure if the remission is due to
the individual unique ongoing research continues before definitive conclusions
can be made of the cause of the remissions.
It should be noted that the medical team are being very
careful and cautious making labeling theses cases as cures. But at least the
two infant cases reveal that there may be some promise regarding the treatment
of HIV beginning at the infant stage.