How can natural remedies sooth sore muscles? Let me count the ways. Old wives tales and home remedies name several home cures, such as soaking in a yellow mustard bath, rubbing a sock containing heated dried beans over stiff muscles, even adding apple vinegar or peppermint oil to a bath is suggested to sooth away body aches and pains. I've even heard of sleeping garlic around your neck could help. No wait. I think the garlic is for keeping vampires away.
I am not discounting the some home remedies work. In fact scientists have recently discovered that melon juice has a positive effect on preventing the soreness from occurring in muscles. It seems that watermelon juice has some preventive ingredients. Health professionals and dietary nutritionists are stating that the active amino acid called L-citrulline can help. L-citrulline has antioxidant properties that accelerate the removal of lactic acid from muscles. It is believed that the reduction of acid build leads to faster recovery.
Studies' involving athletic tests subjects drinking watermelon juice and other drinking placebo. Those tat drunken watermelon experience no leg soreness, while the placebo group complained of feeling sore. The conclusion is that watermelon juice may prevent muscle fatigue.
Electronic companies are creating just about every type of iPhone app imaginable. Pregnancy and child care related apps are big money items. Currently there are numerous apps to provide medical vital data of signs and symptoms during pregnancy up through delivery. There are fetal apps for monitoring the health of the embryo and determine potential complications. Nutritional apps have even been developed to ensure that the mother eats properly during the pregnancy. There's even an app for conception to help the parents determine via body chemistry the appropriate time to conceive. I'm thinking that it is just a matter of time before an iPhone app will be invented for the fetus to call to and talk directly to their parents.
Since the beginning of time, I would imagine that soon to be new parents have been rubbing the expectant mother's belly to talk with and sing to their unborn child. There is research that suggests that expecting parents should keep talking to the fetus in the womb, because most likely the unborn may remember the words spoken before birth.
It seems that in the early stages of development the unborn child's brain develops and memorizes words frequently before they are born. It is believed that this is early language learning. So, it seems that by the time a baby is born, it actually has a repertoire of sounds it has heard while in the womb.
I hear that there is research being conducting to try to ascertain through evidence-based data whether or not the unborn hear their parents, understand what is being said, and may be learning language from them. Is it possible that babies began to absorb language when they are inside the womb? I don't see why this is a stretch to the imagination. After all it seems reasonable that the mother's voice could be amplified by her body and therefore can be heard in the womb.
As scientists learned more about hearing capabilities of the fetus, electronic technologists are keeping pace with new communication devices. I am sure that one day soon people will be standing in long lines to purchase a baby bump app to integrate into SmartPhone for communicating with their unborn.
I love music...
Music which is essentially vibration waves, moves us and talks to us. And according to research certain types of music may even have the potential to heal us.
And it is this healing factor of music that has biochemists, neurobiologists and scientists of all kinds working collaboratively with musicians.
As health scientists, we know that music is capable of enhancing the immune function, lowering heart rate, reducing stress-related hormones and increasing production of endorphins. This music/health correlation makes sense since our bodies which are made up of cells are over 70% water. And from our chemistry 101 course, we learnt that water is an excellent conductor for sound and vibration.
During the early part of 2000, James Gimzewski an expert in the field of nanotechnology put forth the concept that human cells may produce tiny vibrations. And since cells vibrate, then it is logical to conclude that they produce noise. Early on Dr. Gimzewski was stating that should practitioners develop the capability to hear this "noise", this action may lead hearing malignant cells for the curing purpose. Dr. Gimzewski's ongoing research findings over the years on cellular vibrations and transmissions fascinating.
So it stands to reason that fact that anything that transmits (or sends a message) can also receive a message. In fact, it has already been discovered that the DNA strap inside each and every cell has a specific way of vibrating. So if messages are being sent related to cell damage and mutations and messages be returned by matching healthy vibration tones to correct alter or alleviated corrupted cells?
Scientific studies have exploded in linking the healing correlations of music and cellular vibration field. And with good reason, music is accessible to everyone. There is not a day that passes that humans are not tapped into some sort of musical genre. And patients don't need health insurance to access it.
If you can hum, whistle or sing, do so. There may be some healing in those vibration tones you release.
In a recent meeting, a coworker sitting next to next me leaned over whispered, "I've got to get my money straight!" After the meeting she explained her remark. According to my colleague the prolonged stress of financial debt, no sleep and poor eating habits was giving her an annoying tension headache.
- Physiological Factors: While I am not a physician, the more I listened to her tension headache symptoms, it seemed like what she was really experiencing was a migraine headache. There is a distinct difference between the two discomforts. What's the difference? At some point everyone' has experienced a tension headache. The source of these headaches is frequently associated with short-term stressed. The head pain usually a dull steady ache and occurs on both sides of head. A pill or tow of over-the-counter pain medicine is usually the cure. The more severe type of headache is a migraine. During an attack, the temporal artery which lies outside the skull just under the temple enlarges with blood. This enlargement causes the nerves to release chemicals, which in turn cause inflammation, pain, and further enlargement of the artery. The results are a severe throbbing head pain, nausea, confusion and blurred vision. Thank heavens that unlike tension headaches, everyone does not experience migraines.
- Public Health Factors: There is a consensus among medical and public health professionals that whether one has a little money or a lot of money --- money in general causes tension and migraine headaches along with a host of other acute and chronic physical illnesses. The average adult consumer has runaway credit card debt, the loss of so many homes and jobs, excessive gambling expenses in attempts to catch up. The ultra wealthy live with fears of money theft, higher government taxes and scrutiny, and whether or not they can reach the next financial rung from millionaire to billionaire. Yes, you read that right. Even the rich are troubled and experiencing a health illnesses due to money.
- Psychological Factors: Financial and mental health professionals have always pushed forth the concept that money is a state of mind. And it must be a mind thing, because there are countless research studies which show people who do not have a health relationship with money have a multitude of physiological illnesses. Persons of all socioeconomic strata are seeking medical and mental health services for money related illnesses. It is surprising that the wealthy are experience headaches and other illnesses as a result of having a fat wallet. What is not surprising is that recent neurological studies show chronic more severe headaches, namely migraines occur at a higher rate among persons on the lower socioeconomic poor to middle class scale. You don't say.
Today a gray hair sprang up when I started rinsing out the shampoo from my morning shower. Not so happy about gray hairs, but I am happy to report no wrinkles or better yet no crow's feet yet. For those not familiar with signs of aging, crow's feet otherwise known as ‘laugh lines' are those lines that radiate from the eyes. Once you start getting crow's feet, even makeup won't help hide them
There are a numerous of reasons why people start getting crow's feet a they age. One rationale is that the skin starts to lose its collagen and elastin result which in wrinkles. Geneticists say that another reason for those laugh lines are heredity. Still others say that the origins of crow's feet are the result of years of laughing, frowning, and squinting.
I am not a big fan of crow's fret, so I try to refrain from making big facial expressions when I laugh. Keeping in mind that the world is my playground keeps me from frowning. And finally, as much as I love looking up at clouds I try to avoid that activity when it is sunny as to avoid squinting at the sunlight and smoke. So far, so good.
Health experts recommend that hydrating skin often is an excellent way to avoid laugh lines. It is recommended that one should drink plenty of water, moisturize the skin with eye creams and wear sunscreen when outdoors.
For those of you, who didn't heed the aforementioned avoidance tips and have already started to develop wrinkles around the eyes, don't fret. The government agency known as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved a form of botulinum toxin known to treat those unwanted lines.
This botulinum toxin (known as Botox Cosmetic) is an injectable drug, which contains small amounts of the toxin produced by the clostridium botulinum bacterium. It is reported to temporarily paralyzing muscles, reducing the furrowed appearance of the skin thereby smoothing away wrinkles around the eyes.
According to news press, this drug treatment is he only current FDA approved medication for eye wrinkles. The most common side effects according to the government agency, involves swollen eyelids.
To supplement my college tuition costs I worked in a research animal lab. I loved that job. I was particularly fond of our project lab supervisor who was less than five years to approaching his retirement, eccentric and always an optimist about everything.
One unusual comment he made has stuck with me many decades later. After a testing phase with an experimental group, he would say, "Wouldn't it be great if we could retire lab animals with a 401k retirement plan and enroll them into senior community housing?" Again, he was brilliant, but eccentric.
It's been decades since I've seen our project lab supervisor and I am pretty sure he is in heaven now. I like to think of him as smiling down on a recent move that the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) a government agency is taking with chimpanzee lab animals. The NIH recently announced about more humane treatment of chimps.
While these lab animals will not be receiving a Roth IRA pension plan, they will be removing from the roster of certain types of invasive, government-supported chimpanzee research. The government agency announced that the majority of experimental chimpanzees currently held in captivity will be retired from genetic medical research that is unconscionable if there were performed on humans.
A very small group of fifty chimpanzees will be maintained in reserve for potential future government-supported medical experiments. But NIH plans to revisit this decision every five years.
It seems that pressure from animal welfare advocacy groups has made some impact. But also government scientists are stating the reason for the change in policy is largely due to the fact that chimpanzees are closely related to humans and deserved special consideration.
Have you ever noticed that often building structures have obvious elements of those contained in natural sciences, such as graphical patterns of a giraffe or gel-like unicellular texture for the windows? Theses similarities are no accident. They are well thought out and planned.
Adrian Forty writes in his book, Words and Buildings: a Vocabulary of Modern Architecture, that "...since the scientific metaphors employed in architecture are drawn from such a diversity of scientific fields, from natural sciences as well as physical sciences and mathematics, the cumulative effect is to suggest the unlikeness of architecture from science in general." Modern architects agree that many designers borrow engineering and textural ideas from the life sciences.
There are numerous examples that architecture is indeed linked to biology. This bold claim might appear surprising, considering that it comes from architectural engineers and not scientists. In fact if you ever vacation in Spain, you may want to visit the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya (UIC) in Barcelona. This institution of learning grants a graduate masters degree in genetics and bio-digital architect design. The courses are collaboratively taught by both architects and life scientists.
In the future, I believe that building designs will not only borrow form and structure from the natural and molecular sciences, but will tap into the emotional functioning of humans who inhibit those buildings. Factors such as moods and physiological states will be built into the design, walls and even floors of buildings. Human interaction with buildings and spaces will perhaps intermingle with the neurobiology and affects brain sensory functions.
Currently pharmaceuticals are being designed using the human body's own chemical substances, proteins and peptides. This trend based on new chemistry technologies will grow exponentially over the next decade.
In fact it seems that chemists in the Chemical Biology and Nanoscience department at the University of Copenhagen have published the ultimate do it yourself (DIY) cookbook for laboratory chemists in search of this next generation of medicines. This breakthrough innovation uses chemical methods in the design and synthesis of natural-like peptides.
According to biology textbooks, these small, protein-like peptide molecules deployed by the body in various functions - including as neurotransmitters, hormones and even antibiotics. Over the past thirty years peptides have become indispensable for basic research in biology, biochemistry and chemical biology. Because they are also important in applied research, it is easy to find more than 70 peptide-based pharmaceuticals currently found on the shelves of pharmacies.
An increase of therapeutically effective and efficient drugs will be manufactured by biotechnology companies as a result of the positive outcome of the University if Copenhagen and other similar research innovations.
I haven't heard the phase, "I feel ya" in a few years now. I don't know if people have stopped using the expression because it is no longer fashionable to say or perhaps people have stopped saying it because humans are becoming more antisocial. For whatever reason the phase has become unpopular, according neurobiologists, it is not because people are becoming more emotionally distant.
In fact recent research reveals that people are feeling each other even more. Not from an emotional standpoint, but from one person's neuron to another's. In other words, neurologically speaking, we feel each other on a deeper physiologically level. And because of this neuron to neuron communiqué, it seems that one of the most defining features of humanity is our capacity for empathy or the ability to put ourselves in another person's shoe.
In fact, a recent research study by University of Virginia research psychologists reveals that human brains are hardwired for empathy and friendship. The researchers at the university used functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans to find that people closely correlate people to whom they are attached to themselves. The study appears in a recent issue of the Journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Research from the university suggests that we are hardwired to empathize because we closely associate people who are close to us, such as coworkers, friends and significant others. The researchers found, as they expected, that regions of the brain responsible for threat response - the anterior insula, putamen and supramarginal gyrus - became active under threat of shock to the self.
The University of Virginia study suggests that it is likely that when people have friends and allies they see as being the similar as themselves they become more similar neurologically. These same people can understand the pain or difficulty they may be going through in the same way we understand our own pain. This source of empathy may be part of the evolutionary process. I am looking forward to reading new breakthroughs in the collaborative approach of psychology and neurobiology as they relate to human bonding.
Biologists state that unicellular cells freeze at a swifter rate than multicellular organisms. These scientists have pinpointed the lowest temperature at which simple life can live and grow. When temperatures dip below -20°C, single-celled organisms dehydrate, sending them into a vitrified -- glass-like -- state during which they are unable to complete their life cycle. Researchers hypothesize that, since the organisms cannot reproduce below this temperature, -20°C is the lowest temperature limit for life on Earth.
I read in a recent study that in order to test this theory, scientists placed single-celled organisms in a watery medium, and lowered the temperature. As the temperature fell, the medium started to turn into ice and as the ice crystals grew, the water inside the organisms seeped out to form more ice. This left the cells first dehydrated, and then vitrified. Once a cell has vitrified, scientists no longer consider it living as it cannot reproduce, but cells can be brought back to life when temperatures rise again. This vitrification phase is similar to the state plant seeds enter when they dry out. What is interesting is that once a cell is vitrified it can continue to survive right down to incredibly low temperatures. It just can't do much until it warms up.
More complex organisms are able to survive at lower temperatures because they are able to control the medium the cells sit in to some extent. For example, the research study revealed that animals, trees and insects have the ability to control the fluid that surrounds their internal cells. In a human's case its blood and lymph. In a complicated organism the cells sit in an environment that the organism can control. Free-living organisms don't have this; if ice forms in the environment they are subject to all the stresses that implies. And if a free-living cell cools too quickly it would be unable to dehydrate and vitrify; instead it would freeze and wouldn't survive.
These freezing conditions explain why preserving food using deep freezing works. Most fridge freezers operate at a temperature of nearly -20°C. At this level of temperature bacteria and molds are unable to multiply and spoil food.
The other day, a friend of mine was reminiscing about an incident where he nodded off to sleep at the wheel while driving. He made a very thought provoking statement, which was, "You don't know that you are sleeping until you wake up. And then once you realize what occurred, it is the most frightening feeling."
Fatigued drivers are the cause more than 100,000 crashes a year in the United States, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, causing roughly 1,550 deaths. Simply, most drivers cannot judge when they are on the verge of slumber or have seriously compromised reaction times. Sleepiness causes auto crashes because it impairs performance and can ultimately lead to the inability to resist falling asleep at the wheel.
Critical aspects of driving impairment associated with sleepiness are reaction time, vigilance, attention, and information processing According to government entities which track traffic accidents, drowsy driving is a serious problem that leads to thousands of automobile crashes each year.
Sleep is a neurobiological need with predictable patterns of sleepiness and wakefulness. Sleepiness results from the sleep component of the circadian cycle of sleep and wakefulness, restriction of sleep, and/or interruption or fragmentation of sleep.
Factors recognized as increasing the risk of drowsy driving and related crashes include:
Life scientists are collaborating with transportation authorities to design new automotive technology prevents accidents caused by drowsiness during driving. There have been numerous inventions with even more being created yearly. The following are some examples of recent inventions designed to reduce risky driving while sleep incidents: An eyelid monitors and identified symptoms in eyelid behavior that indicate drowsiness in; Computers which eliminates the fallibility of human judgment in gauging when drowsiness is becoming a driving hazard; Anti Sleep Pilot has a built-in motion detector, flashing lights and an audible alarm; and an iPhone version of the Anti Sleep Pilot provides most of the functions of the dashboard-mounted unit.
Remember, the loss of one night's sleep can lead to extreme short-term sleepiness, while habitually restricting sleep by 1 or 2 hours a night can lead to chronic sleepiness. My friend's best tip is, get some restful sleep before driving. Sleeping is the most effective way to reduce sleepiness.
All my life I have heard the phase "You Are What You Eat." The intent behind the expression is that if you consume an abundance of sweets or fatty foods, you will end up being an overweight person. Or if you consume lots of fruits and vegetables, most likely you will become a healthy, slim human being. Well, it seems that most recently microbiologists and food scientists are beginning to hypothesize that the phase may need to be altered to say, "You Eat What You Are". Or more specifically, based on genetics, we seek out and consume nutrients according to our physiological (i.e. blood, hormones, cellular) needs.
Foods that human consume are quite literally the building blocks for cells in the body. We derive amino acids from protein. These amino acids that go on to become enzymes and hormones that circulates throughout our body. In addition, we obtain glucose from carbohydrates, which goes on to provide energy to the muscles that allow us to move and to the brain that allows us to think. Finally, we get lipids from fats. These lipids go on to aid in cell synthesis and help us to absorb vitamins. But recent research studies suggest that our organs and organelles literally place food and liquid requests for what is needed to function. Specifically, our bodies can detect low iron deficiencies and place a food orders for us to buy certain consumables to address the deficit.
All living creatures on the planet regardless of geographical part of the earth they happen to live on, shape their food consumption based on internal and external factors. Factors that determines choices of what and when to eat. Sometimes those choices are based on external cues (i.e. cultural). But can they also be based on an internal genetic makeup?
Just recently I was reading an article about the University of California's annual 'Science and Food' public events. It seems that the lectures are intended to introduce the general public to "food science," are presented in conjunction with an academic course titled, "Science and Food: The Physical and Molecular Origins of What We Eat." Hopefully food science education will become more involved with the genetic component of food choices -- if they are any.
Just about every adult human is weight conscious. A week doesn't past by without hearing some new diet fad. Since there is an app for everything, it was exciting news to learn that the University of Leeds food microbiologists partnered with Blueberry
Consultants software programmers to develop a SmartPhone app for weight loss.
The laboratorians randomly selected a total of 128 overweight subjects for 6 month clinical trials. It seems that laboratory test show the participants are better able to manage their food intake and lose weight compared to other calorie counting techniques.
The app tracks the individual's food intake and exercise regime of each user. In addition, the electronic sets a weight loss target, and provides a weekly progress report by text message. Weight loss doesn't get any easier than this.
At the conclusion of the study, SmartPhone app participants lost of 10 pounds.
Candida is a common source of hospital-acquired infections, a fungus that affects the blood stream, and is occurring more frequently to become the fourth most common pathogen found in blood cultures in the U.S.
The infections resulting from Candida, can lead to sepsis, a dangerous life-threatening complication, where inflammation throughout the body can damage multiple organs and result in septic shock. Candida infections in the blood have a mortality rate of 40 percent, due largely from the extended time needed to test blood for the pathogen.
Faster Automated Test Results:
A wonderful team of life scientists have come to the rescue with the creation fast result test used within their clinical studies. The fast results producing test is known as "T2Candida". This test which, identified the pathogen in whole blood samples in a few hours, rather than the two to five days needed by current tests.
This inventive tool is the brain child of employees from T2 Biosystems, a Lexington, Massachusetts biotechnology company, along with life science colleagues from Brown University and Harvard University medical schools.
At this writing, their technology is still considered investigational and not yet approved by FDA for clinical use. However, this faster testing tool is very innovative and will bring a tremendous boost to laboratories worldwide since the rapid detection of pathogens can lead to early intervention that will ultimately save lives.
This evening while watching a financial news show, I heard an interesting sound byte. It seems that the digital and mobile investors are joining forces with federal entities, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to further develop the biotechnology and engineering fields.
The FDA generates an abundance of instructional information for inventors regarding the regulatory pathways. However, most app entrepreneurs are individuals outside of the regulatory compliance arena. Many inventors of innovative health technologies exist from outside of regulatory health care. To address this concern, the FDA in collaboration with digital inventors are developing and releasing guidance documents.
In 2011, the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health released guidance document for medical mobile apps. This document was released to address the 70,000 plus health and wellness. Apps being used by hospitals and physicians today do and do not require the FDA's oversight. As a result, unlike conventional medical devices, mobile medical apps could in a few cases present significant health risks to patients.
Since the FDA does not plan to regulate the sales or consumer use of SmartPhone and tablet apps, he federal guidance documents offer a risk reduction approach to the apps.
FDA is expected to issue its final guidance by October 2013.