Warm weather brings out more revealing outfits that show off arms, the décolleté/cleavage, back, legs and midriffs. Patients are becoming more aware of sun protection, skin care and anti-aging measures for the face, but many times stop there. The chest or décolleté/cleavage accumulates sun damage over a lifetime, and blotchy mottling, discoloration with brown spots, redness, veins, skin texture irregularities, fine lines and wrinkles develop. With the loss of collagen and elasticity as we age and accelerated with sun exposure, our body positioning such as when sleeping can contribute to the formation of certain creases and lines in the décolleté.
Tank tops and revealing necklines can still be enjoyed using some anti-aging, rejuvenating measures. It's important to avoid or minimize further damage using sun protection. Skin care utilizing SPF and a combination of retinoids, bleaching agents, vitamin C, green tea, alpha hydroxyl acids, peptides and growth factors on a regular basis has been proven to improve skin quality and reverse signs of sun damage.
Many aesthetic treatments have also been beneficial in treating sun damage including but not limited to microdermabrasion, chemical peels, microneedling alone or with platelet rich plasma (PRP) to regenerate more youthful collagen using the patient's own growth factors to stimulate repair.
Light and laser devices are commonly used. Intense pulsed light (IPL) or Photorejuvenation can treat sun damage targeting red and brown discoloration as well as texture. Patients who have received a series of treatments have been reported to show more youthful gene patterns by skin biopsy. More stubborn pigmentation can be reduced with lasers that specifically target pigmented lesions. Ablative laser resurfacing such as fractional CO2 laser can effectively improve the texture of the skin by removing damaged skin and stimulating growth of new collagen in the cells and improving elasticity
Neuromodulators such as Botox and Dysport is a popular request for improving the appearance of lines and wrinkles as well as use of fillers such as hyaluronic acids to fill deeper lines and wrinkles. I have used bioactivators such as Sculptra (PLLA) to plump and improve skin quality by stimulating the patient's own collagen.
Patients desire skin tightening. The modalities we have used were primarily non-invasive radiofrequency. These non-invasive no-downtime include monopolar radiofrequency such Thermage or bipolar radiofrequency such as Viora Reaction. The radiofrequency is delivered to the surface of the skin, stimulates tissue contraction and new collagen growth resulting in tightening of the skin gradually over time without limitation of the patient's activity. The future looks promising for use of injectable RF such as ThermiTight RF for minimally invasive skin tightening of the décolleté and lifting of breast tissue without incisions.
Multiple treatments may be required depending on the age of the patient when starting treatment, skin type, hormonal status, skin condition, sun habits, therapeutic and maintenance skin care and follow-up treatments. Patients can look forward to reduction of some of the sun damage that has accumulated over the years and be able enjoy younger more vibrant looking skin in their tank tops and revealing necklines.