Tai Chi Improves Physical Function
Yoga and Pilates are both well known in the therapy world and are often used as a complementary activity for patients with chronic pain and long-term conditions. Not many people, however, use Tai Chi as an example of such exercises - but maybe they should start.
The British Journal of Sports and Medicine published a systematic review on the effects of Tai Chi on four specific chronic conditions: osteoarthritis, heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and breast cancer. The study was put together by a team of researchers in the University of British Columbia's Physical Therapy department, located in Vancouver. The idea behind the study was to see if Tai Chi would be a successful activity for easing the symptoms and quality of life for people with one or more of these conditions.
The results were as follows: "Meta-analyses showed that Tai Chi improved or showed a tendency to improve physical performance outcomes, including 6-min walking distance (6MWD) and knee extensor strength, in most or all four chronic conditions. Tai Chi also improved disease-specific symptoms of pain and stiffness in OA [osteoarthritis]."
They concluded that Tai Chi could be used as a safe form of exercise for people with one or multiple chronic conditions, and showed a tendency to improve physical performance in those with said conditions.
PTs, have you ever incorporated Tai Chi for patients with chronic conditions? If so, how do they compare to activities such as yoga or Pilates? If you haven't, would you ever consider using Tai Chi in your practice? Share with us in the comments!