A comment on my blog last week got me to thinking about the length of time that research is valid for use. The topic was brought up after I mentioned that I have an article from 2007 that I often use with patients, and a reader suggested newer research was likely available.
During my clinical experience at the Mayo Clinic, I remember doing a small project on the validity and reliability of the Homan's sign for a thrombophlebitis (venous thrombosis). I had a hard time finding any research articles newer than 1985. My clinical instructor told me that sometimes newer research isn't available because once a topic is proven, the research won't be repeated.
So if the research in 1985 showed the Homan's sign to have a certain reliability and validity, it wasn't likely that a group of researchers would repeat the same study. They may, perhaps, conduct a similar research study to evolve the research into a different direction, but likely not with the exact same parameters. If I had an article from 1905 that encouraged eating healthy foods and exercising regularly, I'd probably still provide it to patients regardless of the date, because the content is still relevant.
Some topics in medicine are constantly changing with advances in technology, such as pharmacy, modalities, and genetics. Other areas are more consistent. The origin and insertions of muscles haven't changed much, to my knowledge. Calculus books don't need to be updated as often as say, tax books, which change every year with different adjustments to the laws and budgets of the government.
Now that I'm typing these ideas out, I wonder if the APTA has any position on this, or what the Twitter-world would say... do you have any thoughts? If physical therapy research is older, can it still be used? If you find an article from 2001 (I can barely believe that was 12 years ago already), would you use it, or does some of the information need to be disregarded due to the time gap?
I'm excited to hear what you have to say on this topic!
Some of the research articles I've read recently have been about running, including the biomechanics of running and associated absorbed forces. Two years ago, I took a weekend CE course specifically about running. I'm interested in the progression from gait patterns to running patterns, and as a runner I hoped the information I learned would carry over into better patient care.
A recurring theme in these courses and articles has been the comparison of a "traditional" heel strike to an anterior landing at initial impact. So, over the past few months I've altered my running pattern to see if I could feel any difference between the two. Would I feel less LE impact if I changed to an anterior landing? Would my stride be longer with a heel strike? A few times I've actually laughed at myself as I've flipped between the two patterns because it resulted in me almost skipping when my coordination couldn't keep up!
As I've thought about these things and played around with my running pattern, I've wondered if patients of physical therapy do the same thing. Do you share recent research articles, or things you've learned at CE courses with your patients? Do you show them the articles, or handouts from the class?
There's one article from 2007 that I keep a copy of at my desk relating hip weakness to knee pain. I share it with a lot of my patients with knee injuries. Most patients really appreciate the information, and it almost seems to "inspire" them to consider all the factors contributing to their diagnoses.
I think the challenge I encounter most is having time to find research articles for patients. I have a hard time finding time to read them for myself, much less for my entire patient load! So, I've made a small goal for myself to find one article a week that pertains to my current patients and share it with them. Hopefully I can find an article with a simple takeaway message that my patients can understand, and one that isn't too lengthy.
What do you think? How does evidence-based practice transfer from physical therapists to the patients they care for?
I received a postcard in the mail last week from a local hospital that said "What changes would you like to see in the healthcare we provide?" with a large space for a response to return. I thought this was very interesting -- what a great way to engage potential clients into finding solutions to provide better care! I know mailing surveys typically bring a low return rate for receiving feedback, but I really appreciated the effort of the hospital to be proactive during this time of nationwide healthcare changes.
I thought for a while about what I would write on the card. I know the feedback I hear from colleagues is that we need more time with patients, and tools (typically software) to be able to do our jobs. We need to have better access to research, and we need to be able to document and communicate our findings to a patient's other healthcare providers. But in those cases, I'm thinking about this from a provider standpoint, not a patient's perspective. What do I want as a patient?
So, what did I write? I think I would want to see the following things:
● I want more face time with my physician. I don't want to give my entire history to a medical assistant only for the physician to quickly review it and leave the room within 5 minutes.
● I want a better review of all of my health issues when I visit my physician. Too many times, I feel like the physician is just focusing in on my sore throat or new mole, when I have an entire body with many systems that could benefit from attention.
● Better information about, and access to, my benefits. Who do I call to ask how much an MRI will cost me? I think this information is difficult for patients to find and understand, and by the time a bill comes, it might be too late.
What do you think? What feedback would you give your doctor, or hospital system to provide you with better care? How do you think the Affordable Care Act will fit in this time of change?
When I was younger, I would hear the word "engagement" and get excited for bridal showers, bachelorette parties and weddings! I love weddings. I'm always looking forward to hearing a good engagement story and brides talk about their weddings. Now, however, I hear the word "engagement" and I think about my career. Am I engaged in my role? Are my teammates engaged in their work?
I've taken engagement surveys before, and my engagement was usually decided by how flexible my job or supervisor was. Was I able to adapt my schedule when needed? Were their times when I had the flexibility to treat a patient with a plan of care I thought was necessary? I also really liked when the setting I worked in allowed for a lot of collaboration with other disciplines -- I was constantly learning from other people! In my new role as a supervisor, I'm learning that engagement is different for everyone. People are motivated by different factors, and there are different factors that make a person more happy in her job compared to others.
The more experience I have as a physical therapist, the more I'm realizing that some areas of my job can't be controlled, while others can be. A therapist's schedule could be adaptable; for example, therapists have the ability to come in a little earlier or later depending on the type of setting. Therapists are generally not able to work from home, however, as patients need to be seen at the healthcare facility.
Do you know what makes you the happiest in your current position? Is it the hours? The pay? The type of patients you work with? Is it your leadership? Is it your commute? Work/life balance?
I just finished reading the October issue of PT in Motion, the APTA's publication I receive each month with a copy of the Physical Therapy Journal. The writers of PT in Motion ranked all states and the District of Columbia based on six specific criteria:
● Quality of life (for PTs and the general population)
● Literacy rates
● Employment rates
● Business friendliness
● Technology/innovation ranking
● APTA engagement
I was surprised to see literacy rates as a measurement in this survey. I can't imagine myself saying, "I really like practicing physical therapy in Wisconsin because of our literacy rates," but I can imagine considering job rates (probably the most) and the other criteria. I would be interested to see which states support and publish the most research, but I'm not sure if that's a measureable component. I was very proud to see Wisconsin listed twice in the rankings, but I'm guessing that was an error!
I took a survey toward the end of my physical therapy schooling (about five years ago) that ranked the top 25 places I should live based on my preferences. I know it included the availability of indoor/outdoor activities, population size, climate and a few other factors. My top locations were (I saved the email): Anchorage, Alaska; Missoula, Mont.; Fort Collins, Colo.; and Provo-Orem, Utah. According to the APTA article, Utah, Colorado and Minnesota are the top states to practice as a physical therapist... so if you compare those two lists, it looks like I should re-locate to either Utah or Colorado! I'll have to see what my husband thinks.
Reading this article and reflecting on my own "top places to live" reminds me of the differences I've witnessed in PT practice while traveling for student clinicals and more recently for my job. ADLs I wouldn't have thought to ask a patient are common tasks in some areas of the nation, and things I consider to be common (negotiating stairs to a basement) aren't relevant in other areas!
Have you read the APTA's article? What do you think? Are there better states to practice PT compared to others?
I'm trying to keep up with all of the news regarding the government shutdown, but it's been somewhat difficult for me to understand. News stories use a lot of federal vocabulary and I'm still processing some of the headlines before I can even move into the content. "The Government Shutdown" and "Washington Braces for Prolonged Government Shutdown" -- how can that even be possible? The events are impacting our nation at an alarming extent so it was important for me to translate the news and determine how I would be professionally and personally impacted. Here's what I've figured out so far:
The Affordable Care Act was passed in 2009 by Congress. It was signed into law on March 23, 2010. On June 28, 2012, the Supreme Court decided to uphold the law. Even researching just those dates was news to me. I didn't realize the ACA had become a law, and I didn't realize it happened nearly three-and-a-half years ago! Fast forward to last week: On Sept. 20, Republicans voted to deny money for the health law. Several votes on various funding, tax repeals, and modifications to the healthcare law occurred over the next few days. On Oct. 1, the government's new fiscal year began but with no spending legislation in place, partial federal shutdown commenced. Oct. 1 was also the planned effective date for individuals and small business to buy health benefit plans in an "insurance marketplace."
In short, per The Washington Post: "There are wide swaths of the federal government that need to be funded each year in order to operate. If Congress can't agree on how to fund them, they have to close down. And, right now, Congress can't agree on how to fund them."
It's amazing to me how these events have extended far beyond the boundaries of the healthcare law. Many national parks, historic sites and museums are closed, while social security applications are delayed due to the lack of funding and therefore, staffing. I'm probably not the most enthusiastic supporter of the government or federal news, but I'm certainly learning not to take their role for granted.
Has there ever been a major strike among physical therapists? Have you ever been restricted from work like many federal employees are currently experiencing? What do you think? Are you surprised at how government parties disagreeing over a healthcare law has developed into a federal shutdown?
At the PT 2013 conference earlier this summer, one of the speakers encouraged physical therapy programs to transition away from education on passive modalities and objective measurements such as range of motion or manual muscle testing to instead focus on functional limitations and progress towards functional goals.
I've thought a lot about this idea since hearing it and gone through a few "phases" of acceptance. At first, I was in complete agreement. In most of my patient experiences, I've been able to track a patient's progress with gross strength and range-of-motion measurements compared to the exact goniometer alignment and measurement of a patient's range I learned about in school. There are times with a post-operative patient when that quantitative data is needed, but in most cases I focus on the functional impairments. I use passive modalities mostly for pain control, but have found most effective treatments using exercise and manual techniques. So overall, I was happy to hear that other practitioners held a similar opinion to my own and expressed it at the conference.
The second part, as I'm experiencing now nearly three months after hearing this proposal, is my curiosity about how these changes will be implemented. Passive modalities have been a part of physical therapy curriculums for decades. How can we transition away from that? My thought is that teaching content like modalities is either an all or none topic; is there any gray area to teaching only part of the material?
I give a lot of credit to the people involved with establishing the content for physical therapy programs. It cannot be an easy task to sort through the latest research while also balancing that with traditional practice techniques. I can't imagine being the person to say, "Okay, we aren't going to teach anything about ultrasound this year" because it seems like such a "basic" to being a physical therapist. I'm sure other content was phased out in PT programs during the years before I was a student, and I know educational programs in the future will continue to focus on the most relevant components of being a physical therapist.
What do you think? Is it important to continue teaching students about passive modalities, range of motion and manual muscle testing? Have you experienced changes in PT program curriculum during your years of practice? If you are an experienced clinician, are you ever surprised by what students are learning?
I was lucky enough to attend another leadership skills course last week and learned a lot of good content. It was fun to be able to step aside from my regular work, listen to the experiences of other colleagues and practice skills I'll need in my new supervisor role.
One of the activities I completed was a skills assessment, or a "card sort." I was given a pile of cards and had to stack them into three groupings: cards that described me most of the time, some of the time, and rarely. The cards had qualities listed such as listening, confronting direct reports, composure, approachability etc. There had to be an equal number of cards in each pile, too! I completed my pile and asked two of my colleagues to complete a sort for me as well (for me to understand how I'm perceived).
The next task was to take the cards/qualities that rarely described myself and find two to improve. This part was hard for me. I picked two qualities I wanted to work on: sizing people up (being able to assess the strengths/weaknesses in others) and conflict resolution. I knew working on those qualities would ultimately make me work better, but I couldn't imagine fixing them. How do you get better at conflict resolution, by finding more conflict? It seemed like an overwhelming task.
We were then given a worksheet that allowed for space to identify mentors, experiences, independent research and other activities to promote growth in those areas of weakness. I had an "aha" moment -- it finally made sense to me. By writing out the number of steps that would give me some "practice," I was able to take something that seemed so overwhelming and make it manageable. The final part of the exercise was to find ways to leverage our strengths to help others.
Aristotle once said, "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit." Here's where I can see that quote ring true. I'm not going to become any better at conflict resolution or sizing people up until I make the tasks more manageable and practice them consistently.
This shouldn't have surprised me as much as it did because this kind of framework is exactly what we give to patients. A patient one-week following a total knee replacement can't imagine running or playing tennis again, but when the goals and tasks are broken down into smaller pieces, they become achievable. What do you think? Have you ever needed to work on improving yourself in a way that seemed impossible?
I've gotten a few emails from one of our clinic physicians to begin discussing and planning an established pain management program. We are first looking at some of the tools within our EMR to see what function exists for communication and tracking the care of some of our more complicated patients.
I know the need for a pain management program exists. There are too many patients with significant pain issues who end up seeing multiple providers, getting mixed messages and different care provided that can prolong their healing timeline. New programs and initiatives can also be met with some resistance -- providers fear that the added steps and coordination may delay care or complicate relatively simple cases.
To address these concerns as we are in the infancy stages of a pain management group, I'm starting to research the components to an effective program. From the little reading I've done so far, it appears the focus should be on having attainable goals with consistent communication to reduce fragmentation of care. Most programs seem to incorporate medication management, graded physical activity and cognitive training as the major components.
The benefits of pain programs seem to be similar -- reduce a patient's pain and reliance on pain medications, decrease the use of medical resources and return to work and full functional ADLs. I read one article that highlighted the indirect outcome of cost reduction after implementing a pain program -- this kind of data is useful to give quantitative information in addition to other anticipated benefits.
These parts of the program don't address everything (such as the physiological differences of chronic pain patterns compared to acute injuries), but I think it's a good place to start. What about you? Does your physical therapy clinic offer pain management coordination with other providers? What is the most important part of a successful pain management program?
A few years ago, I started having some upper-back pain after a bad cold. I think I strained myself while coughing and the upper-back pain continued to get worse. I ended up seeing a physical therapist, who confirmed a thoracic vertebral mal-alignment with some rhomboid irritation. After three or four sessions, my symptoms were resolved. Wonderful.
Fast forward to last week, where I have been sick for a few weeks and my cough still remains. And, guess what? My back hurts! I'm starting to get some left shoulder pain and numbness around my infraspinatus. I'm not a master at self-diagnosis, but the symptoms feel remarkably similar to the ones I had years ago.
So, what to do? I probably could have prevented the musculoskeletal injury by taking more cold medicine to cure the cough sooner and not let it drag on for so many weeks. But, here I am. At this point my cough is almost gone and my back pain is slowly getting stronger. I think I need to see a physical therapist again like I did last time... but with the holiday weekend most physical therapy facilities were closed and my only option would have been urgent care, which could only have offered medications. This is one of those occasions where easy access to physical therapy is needed and would save costs in the long run. The longer I wait to see a therapist, the more pain I'll be in and the more time it will take to fix the problem.
What do you think? Are you able to self-diagnose or self-treat your own symptoms? Do you have a PT you would see for your own personal needs? How easy is it to get an appointment, given your own schedule?
I thought I would take a physical therapy break this week and blog a little bit about myself and my other interests. I really respect other therapists in the blogosphere who write regularly and drive needed conversations to progress our profession, but sometimes this lady needs a couch and a glass of wine.
This summer has been very busy. Traveling for work, going to the APTA conference, driving home (two hours north) for many family weekend events, among all the landscaping and house projects I've been trying to accomplish this summer. I'm hoping by fall to wrap up my entryway decor project and install a few hooks on the wall, because that's as decorative as I can get. As I've been caught up with all those things and my New Year's resolution of reading each month, my exercising has gotten a little off track but I'm determined to get it in gear soon.
I turned 29 yesterday. One more year in my 20s. Or, as my friend Michael would say, there are only 11 short years until I'm 40. I had a lovely day, filled with wonderful messages from my family and friends. It's hard to believe 10 years ago (I was old for my grade), I walked onto the Marquette University campus to start my education toward becoming a physical therapist.
I'm taking a family vacation next month to California and am really looking forward to the trip. I hope to see some great sights, eat delicious food, and maybe even find a couch and a glass of Napa Valley wine!
I'm reading a new book by author Brene Brown, PhD, titled "Daring Greatly: How the Courage to be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead." I read a magazine article about Brown and her popular TED talk while I was traveling for work a few weeks ago, and after watching her TED talk video I was inspired to learn more about her work. Brown bases her writing on years of research and concludes that embracing vulnerability is the birthplace for innovation, creativity and human connection.
She goes on to write about other human emotions as well, although I'm more interested in the vulnerability information as it's something I haven't given much attention or thought to previously. It's amazing how the language Brown uses makes me feel empowered to make small differences in my own world as she describes (with evidence through her research) that failure is nothing to fear.
I'm about halfway through the book and am very captivated. The information I'm learning seems to have a place both personally and professionally for me, and I'm looking forward to seeing how Brown's ideas translate into the physical therapy profession and patient interactions.
I love learning and finding new ways to see the world, as cliché as that sounds. I like working alongside other therapists because I'm able to learn new techniques, new skills, and become a more effective clinician. Reading books like this forces me to think differently and find connections between the research done indirectly to physical therapy and find ways to use that research to positively impact the care we provide. In the past I'm not sure I would have picked up a book about vulnerability, but now I'm learning how there is so much overlap in seemingly unconnected areas.
What about you? Have you ever read material unrelated to physical therapy and found ways to make the information useful? Are there skills in other professions that are applicable to physical therapists?
I'm participating in a leadership training workshop this week and part of our pre-course work was to take the Myers-Briggs communication style test. I believe I've taken this test before, although it has been quite some time. I thought I would share with you my results -- some of them surprised me!
Extroversion- I saw this one coming. I'm definitely an extrovert. I grow from interactions from other people, not from my own thoughts and reflection as an introvert might. There are times when I need to be alone, but the majority of the time I prefer to spend my time with people.
Sensing- I prefer plans and procedures or directions over going with my gut. I am comfortable with familiarity.
Thinking- This was a bit of a surprise to me in that I tested as a "slight" Thinking whereas in the past I think I was a "clear" or "very clear" Thinking. I've learned to channel my inner "feeling," much of which I'm sure is due to my professional growth. My strengths in this area were described as providing honest and frank feedback (can you think of other physical therapists with this same trait?) and strong analytical and evaluative communication styles. I'm learning to focus more on providing positive feedback versus areas of growth. Makes sense. Physical therapy school is highly focused on evaluating a patient's deficit area.
Judging- No surprise here! I am a "Very clear" Judging, meaning I am organized and efficient with my communication and am very task-oriented.
I think this information was interesting to me because for the first time I considered how my communication tendencies work with and against the opposites on the Myers-Briggs spectrum (INFP).
Have you ever taken a communication or personality test before? Did the information help you in your work as a physical therapist? Do you think there are differences between how you communicate professionally contrasted with your personal interactions?
I've blogged before about strengths and weaknesses. I read a book in college (well, I read more than one book), took a test (again, more than one in total), and learned that one of my strengths is "connectedness" -- or seeing that all things are somehow connected or impact each other. I've seen this strength flourish in many ways in both my professional and personal lives. People I've met have introduced me to new contacts that led to new opportunities. I worked with colleagues whose initiatives with patient care resulted in better outcomes in facilities miles away. Connectedness.
I read this news article today about the link between psoriasis with heart, lungs and kidney disease. There it is again -- connectedness. The thing is, I have psoriasis, so this article hit me on a personal note. I don't want to be connected to higher risks of heart disease!
I enjoy reading research and following trends in healthcare. I think we are on the brink of a "tipping point" of how healthcare will be delivered and structured across our nation. But, sometimes I reach a point of "too much." Sometimes these things are too connected for me.
What do you think? Have you ever read a research article that hit home? Does it seem like finding evidence has become easier to find, and therefore more prominent?
Last week I was promoted to be a rehab supervisor. I'm grateful for the opportunity and excited for the challenges of my new role. Over the past few weeks I've thought about this position and the differences between patient-contact roles (physical therapists) and administrative positions and the skills needed in both roles.
The first thing that comes to my mind is communication. As physical therapists, we need to communicate effectively with our patients and other healthcare providers in order to effectively carry through a plan of care. Supervisors also need to be clear communicators to express changes to the department.
Both roles require patience -- with patients and with colleagues who may work differently than ourselves. Both roles require planning ahead or organizational skills. Physical therapists think forward to what our next session plan is with a patient and how we'll adjust a plan if the patient's symptoms remain or worsen. In administrative roles, planning may be needed for staffing changes or new clinic openings, or in anticipation of process-improvement initiatives (new documentation software, for example).
I'm hoping that many of my skills as a therapist will carry over to my new position. I'll be participating in a leadership training next month and am looking forward to learning more during that time. What do you think? Have you ever held an administrative position within the physical therapy profession? What qualities are most important to be successful in those positions?