Normal Speech and Language Growth: Ages 1 to 3 years
Thank you for joining me for week 4 of my Normal Speech and Language Development Series. Last week I explored the changes and growth that occurs during 12 to 24 months of age, as little ones begin walking, talking and becoming toddlers. This week I will continue that discussion and show the progression into the next phase of 24-36 months.
On the "Children's Health Guide" of the WebMD website, a child's speech and language development is broken down into receptive and expressive language. For parents reading this blog who may not be sure just what these terms mean, Receptive Language refers to what a child is able to understand, how they follow directions and take in the world around them. Expressive Language looks at how a child is able to communicate and express themselves whether it is verbally or through gestures, signs or pointing to pictures. The following is a look at what receptive language looks like with typically developing children ages 1-2 years according to WebMD:
WebMD also states that by 18 months, typically developing children should "know the names of people, body parts, and objects". Once children are over the age of 2, their receptive language increases and if developing at a typical pace, during the year between 24-36 months, children should:
During these two years, expressive language advances as well and typically developing children will start off using gestures, babbling and maybe saying a word or two around age 1 to using more and more words, phrases and complete sentences by age 3. According to WedMD, expressive language skills for typically developing children ages 12-24 months includes the following:
Between 24-36 months, expressive language will really take off for many typically developing children. WebMD states that during this time, children will:
The following link will bring you to ASHA's website http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/23.htm and a chart outlining what receptive and expressive language look like at 24-36 months. ASHA's chart includes skills that WebMD does not, such as understanding concepts such as "stop-go", "up-down", following 2-step requests and using 2-3 words consistently to communicate and ask for what they want/need.
Join me next week as we continue to explore typical speech and language development in young children!